FAQ Procedures

48 Hour pH test

3 tests are used to measure reflux of material, particularly acid, from your stomach into your esophagus:  What is the 48-hour esophageal pH monitoring test? An esophageal pH test measures how often and for how long stomach acid enters the... Read more

Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

What is upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy? Upper GI endoscopy is a procedure that uses a lighted, flexible endoscope to see inside the upper GI tract that includes the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum—the first part of the small intestine. What problems... Read more

Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy

What is percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)? Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a surgical procedure used to help those who are unable to take food in via the mouth.  A feeding tube is placed in the abdomen.  A gastrostomy is the... Read more

Liver Biopsy

What is a liver biopsy? A small piece of the liver (vital organ that fights infection and helps digest food) is removed and examined for signs of damage or disease. When is a liver biopsy performed? When a liver problem... Read more

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy

What is flexible sigmoidoscopy? Flexible sigmoidoscopy is a procedure used to see inside the sigmoid colon and rectum. It is used to look for cancer, changes in bowel habits, abdominal pain or bleeding, inflamed tissue, abnormal growths and ulcers. What... Read more

Endoscopic Ultrasound

What is Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)? EUS is a minimally invasive endoscopic procedure that allows the doctor to see detailed images of the esophagus, stomach, pancreas, bile ducts or rectum to provide additional information obtained from CT or MRI. An EUS... Read more

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

What is endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)? ERCP is an endoscopic procedure used to take radiographic pictures of the Bile duct, pancreas and gall bladder. Treatment can also be done at the same time. When is the ERCP procedure necessary? Usually... Read more


What is colonoscopy? Colonoscopy is a procedure used to see inside the colon and rectum, used to detect inflamed tissue, ulcers and abnormal growths. A colonoscopy also looks for early signs of colorectal cancer and can be used to diagnose... Read more

Capsule Endoscopy

What is a capsule endoscopy? Capsule endoscopy is a procedure with a camera that sits inside vitamin-sized capsule.  The capsule is swallowed and travels through your digestive tract taking pictures that are transmitted to a recorder that you wear on... Read more

Barium Enema

 What is a Barium enema? Barium enema is an x-ray of the large intestine that includes the colon and rectum.  It was used more commonly before colonoscopies became available.  This test is occasionally used to help the doctor diagnose certain... Read more

Band Ligation

What is band ligation of esophageal varices? Endoscopy band ligation is used to treat enlarged veins in the esophagus, the tube connecting the throat to the stomach.  If left untreated esophageal veins (varices) can spontaneously rupture and cause severe bleeding.... Read more

Anorectal Manometry

What is anorectal manometry? Anorectal manometry is a test to evaluate rectum and the anal canal. It is one of the tests used for evaluation of constipation and fecal incontinence. This test measures the pressures of the anal sphincter muscles,... Read more

Abdominal X-ray

What is an abdominal x-ray? A test to look at the organs in the belly area, like the spleen, stomach and intestines. Why is the abdominal x-ray performed? This test is used to diagnose pain in the abdomen or unexplained... Read more

Abdominal CT Scan

What is an abdominal/pelvic CT scan? The abdominal and pelvic CT scan is used to assist in the detection of (amongst other diagnoses): Cause of fever, abdominal pain or swelling Hernias Masses and tumors, including cancer Infections or injury Kidney... Read more

Abdominal MRI

What is an abdominal MRI? A magnetic resonance imaging scan that uses powerful magnets and radio waves to create pictures of the inside of the belly area. It does not use radiation- x-rays. Why is the abdominal MRI performed? An... Read more